Cancer is the abnormal growth of cells. There are around 100 types of cancer. The most common types of cancer are - Men: Lung, oesophagus, stomach, oral and pharyngeal cancers. Women: Cervix and breast cancers.
Cancer has many possible causes, the prominent ones being -
Genetics: Certain cancers run in families. For example, certain mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes greatly increase a person's risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer.
Smoking: Cigarette smoking accounts for around 30% of all cancer deaths. It is linked with increased risk of these cancers - lungs, larynx, oral cavity, nose and sinuses, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, cervix, kidney, bladder, ovary, colon, rectum and acute myeloid leukemia. Chewing of tobacco, a carcinogen, is linked to dental caries, gingivitis, oral leukoplakia, and oral cancer.
Diet and Lifestyle: Research shows that a poor diet and not having an active lifestyle are the key factors that can increase a person's risk of developing cancer.
Here are some foods which can help to prevent cancers:
- Brussels sprouts
- Green Cabbage
- White Turnip
- Green Collard
- Grape fruit
- Green Tea
- Winter Squash/Pumpkins