How to Obtain a Driving License in India

Obtaining a driving license in India is a crucial milestone that grants individuals the legal authority to drive motor vehicles on public roads. The process is designed to ensure that all drivers are knowledgeable about traffic rules and capable of operating a vehicle safely. This guide provides a comprehensive overview of the steps involved in acquiring a driving license in India, from meeting eligibility criteria to passing the necessary tests. Whether you're a new driver or looking to upgrade your learner's license to a permanent one, understanding the requirements and procedures will help you navigate the application process smoothly.


  • Age: Minimum age of 18 years for a private vehicle, and 16 years for a two-wheeler with engine capacity not exceeding 50cc.
  • Learner’s License: Must possess a valid learner's license for at least 30 days but not exceeding 180 days.

2. Learner's License Application

  • Documents Required:
    • Age proof (e.g., birth certificate, PAN card, Aadhaar card)
    • Address proof (e.g., utility bills, rental agreement, passport)
    • Passport-sized photographs
    • Medical certificate (for applicants above 40 years)
  • Application Process:
    • Visit the RTO (Regional Transport Office) or apply online via the Sarathi Parivahan website.
    • Fill out Form 1 and Form 1A for medical certification.
    • Submit required documents and pay the application fee.
    • Schedule a slot for the learner's license test.

3. Learner's License Test

  • Test Content:
    • Basic traffic rules and regulations
    • Road signs and signals
  • Passing Criteria:
    • Must correctly answer a certain number of multiple-choice questions.

4. Driving Training

  • Practice Period: Minimum of 30 days with a learner's license.
  • Training: Can be self-taught or enrolled in a driving school.

5. Permanent Driving License Application

  • Documents Required:
    • Learner’s license
    • Application Form 4 (available at RTO or online)
    • Passport-sized photographs
    • Age and address proof
  • Application Process:
    • Visit the RTO or apply online.
    • Submit the filled application form along with required documents.
    • Pay the application fee.
    • Book a slot for the driving test.

6. Driving Test

  • Test Content:
    • Practical driving test: Proficiency in handling the vehicle and adherence to traffic rules.
    • Skills tested: Starting the vehicle, gear change, lane discipline, signaling, parking, reversing, and more.
  • Test Conduction:
    • Conducted by an RTO officer at a designated test track or on-road.

7. Issuance of Driving License

  • Post-Test Procedure:
    • If you pass the test, the driving license will be issued.
    • The license can be collected from the RTO or received by mail.

8. Additional Information

  • Validity:
    • Valid for 20 years or until the age of 50, whichever comes first.
  • Renewal:
    • Can be renewed online or at the RTO.
  • International Driving Permit:
    • Available for Indian license holders planning to drive abroad.
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