SINGAPORE--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Sea Limited (NYSE: SE) (“Sea” or the “Company”) today announced its financial results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2022.
“Given the significant uncertainties in the macro environment, we have entirely shifted our mindset and focus from growth to achieving self-sufficiency and profitability as soon as possible, without relying on any external funding,” said Forrest Li, Sea’s Chairman and Group Chief Executive Officer.
“We are adapting quickly to the changing climate. All our efforts are directed to ensure that Sea not only survives the macro storms but emerges stronger, more efficient, and more resilient – and as a long-term winner in our markets. This positions us to continue capturing the long-term potential of our businesses and markets, and to deliver strong and sustained shareholder returns over time. Over the last quarter, we took decisive actions to improve margins, and set clear goals and priorities for the quarters to come. We remain highly confident about the compelling long-term growth prospects of our businesses and markets.”
Third Quarter 2022 Highlights
- Total GAAP revenue was US$3.2 billion, up 17.4% year-on-year.
- Total gross profit was US$1.2 billion, up 21.7% year-on-year.
- Total net loss was US$(569.3) million, flat year-on-year, and improving by 38.9% quarter-on-quarter.
- Total net loss excluding share-based compensation was US$(373.5) million, improving by 16.6% year-on-year and 34.4% quarter-on-quarter1. After adjusting for US$85.4 million of severance and early lease termination related costs for the quarter, total net loss excluding share-based compensation improved by 49.4% quarter-on-quarter1.
- Total adjusted EBITDA2 was US$(357.7) million, as compared to US$(165.5) million for the third quarter of 2021, and improving by 29.4% quarter-on-quarter. After adjusting for US$77.4 million of severance and early lease termination related costs for the quarter, adjusted EBITDA improved by 44.7% quarter-on-quarter.
- As of September 30, 2022, cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments was US$7.3 billion, representing a net change of US$(485.1) million from June 30, 2022.
- GAAP revenue was US$1.9 billion, up 32.4% year-on-year. Based on constant currency assumptions3, GAAP revenue was up 38.8% year-on-year.
- GAAP revenue included US$1.6 billion of GAAP marketplace revenue, which consists of core marketplace revenue and value-added services revenue and increased by 39.3% year-on-year.
- Core marketplace revenue, mainly consisting of transaction-based fees and advertising revenues, was up 54.1% year-on-year to US$1.0 billion. Faster growth of core marketplace revenue was one of the factors contributing to the strong improvement in Shopee’s profitability in the quarter.
- Value-added services revenue, mainly consisting of revenues related to logistics services, was up 20.3% year-on-year to US$0.6 billion.
- Gross orders totaled 2.0 billion for the quarter, increasing by 19.2% year-on-year.
- GMV was US$19.1 billion for the quarter, increasing by 13.5% year-on-year. Based on constant currency assumptions3, GMV was up 21.4% year-on-year.
- GAAP sales and marketing expenses were US$575.7 million, decreasing by 16.4% year-on-year and 14.6% quarter-on-quarter.
- Adjusted EBITDA2 for Shopee overall was US$(495.7) million, improving by 27.5% year-on-year and 23.5% quarter-on-quarter. For the avoidance of doubt, going forward unless otherwise specified, adjusted EBITDA is after allocation of headquarters’ common expenses (“HQ costs”), and adjusted EBITDA before allocation of HQ costs is referred to as contribution margin.
- The adjusted EBITDA improvement was driven by strong topline growth, particularly in core marketplace revenue, and meaningful efficiency improvements in operating costs across our markets. This was partially offset by severance and early lease termination related costs related to Shopee and increases in HQ costs for Shopee such as shared R&D staffing and shared server hosting expenses. As we began more focused efforts on optimizing HQ costs, including R&D costs, from the later part of the third quarter, we expect savings on shared costs to start to show in the following quarters.
- Asia markets recorded adjusted EBITDA of US$(216.8) million in the quarter, improving by 31.4% quarter-on-quarter as a result of profitability improvements across all markets in the region. During the quarter, our Asia markets combined recorded positive contribution margin, in line with our previously shared expectations. Specifically, most of the markets within Asia, including our largest market Indonesia, achieved positive contribution margin, and Malaysia and Taiwan recorded positive adjusted EBITDA for the quarter.
- Other markets recorded adjusted EBITDA of US$(279.0) million in the quarter, improving by 16.0% quarter-on-quarter as a result of increased monetization and cost savings.
- In Brazil, unit economics continued to improve significantly, with adjusted EBITDA loss per order before allocation of HQ costs of US$1.03, improving by 27.4% from the previous quarter. GAAP revenue grew by over 225% year-on-year.
- While our results may fluctuate and are subject to the macro environment and many other factors, we are currently working towards adjusted EBITDA breakeven for Shopee overall by the end of 2023.
- Digital Entertainment
- GAAP revenue was US$892.9 million, as compared to US$900.3 million for the previous quarter.
- Bookings4 were US$664.7 million, as compared to US$717.4 million for the previous quarter. Bookings declined roughly 4% quarter-on-quarter based on constant currency assumptions3.
- Adjusted EBITDA2 was US$289.9 million, as compared to US$333.6 million for the previous quarter.
- Adjusted EBITDA represented 43.6% of bookings for the third quarter of 2022, as compared to 46.5% for the previous quarter.
- Quarterly active users were 568.2 million, as compared to 619.3 million for the previous quarter.
- Quarterly paying users were 51.5 million, representing a paying user ratio of 9.1%, unchanged from the previous quarter.
- Average bookings per user were US$1.2, stable quarter-on-quarter.
- Digital Financial Services
- GAAP revenue was US$326.9 million, up 147.2% year-on-year.
- Adjusted EBITDA2 was US$(67.7) million, improving by 57.4% year-on-year and 39.3% quarter-on-quarter. The improvement was predominantly driven by more targeted sales and marketing spending for the mobile wallet business, and our credit business maintaining its healthy profitability while generating cash for the group.
- As of the end of the third quarter 2022, total loans receivable was US$2.2 billion, net of allowance for credit losses of US$253.4 million. Non-performing loans past due by more than 90 days represented less than 4% of our total gross loans receivable. The weighted average tenure of loans outstanding as of the end of the quarter was approximately 4 months.
Given rising macro uncertainties, and with reopening trends having an ongoing effect on the business, we are revising the guidance for digital entertainment. We now expect bookings for the full year of 2022 to be between US$2.6 billion and US$2.8 billion, as compared to the previous guidance of between US$2.9 billion to US$3.1 billion.
In addition, given the ongoing macro uncertainties, we currently do not intend to provide any guidance for 2023 for our businesses.
Compared with total net loss excluding share-based compensation and impairment of goodwill for the second quarter of 2022.
For definitions of total adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA for digital entertainment, e-commerce and digital financial services segments, please refer to the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section.
Current and comparative prior period local currency amounts are converted into United States dollars using the same exchange rates, rather than the actual exchange rates during the respective periods.
GAAP revenue for the digital entertainment segment plus change in digital entertainment deferred revenue. This operating metric is used as an approximation of cash spent by our users in the applicable period that is attributable to our digital entertainment segment.
Unaudited Summary of Financial Results
(Amounts are expressed in thousands of US dollars “$” except for per share data)
For the Three Months
E-commerce and other services
Sales of goods
Cost of revenue
Cost of service
E-commerce and other services
Cost of goods sold
Other operating income
Sales and marketing expenses
General and administrative expenses
Research and development expenses
Total operating expenses
Non-operating loss, net
Income tax expense
Share of results of equity investees
Net loss excluding share-based compensation (1)
Basic and diluted loss per share based on
Change in deferred revenue of Digital Entertainment
Adjusted EBITDA for Digital Entertainment (1)
Adjusted EBITDA for E-commerce (1)
Adjusted EBITDA for Digital Financial Services (1)
Adjusted EBITDA for Other Services (1)
Unallocated expenses (2)
Total adjusted EBITDA (1)
For a discussion of the use of non-GAAP financial measures, see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures”.
Unallocated expenses are mainly related to share-based compensation and general and corporate administrative costs such as professional fees and other miscellaneous items that are not allocated to segments. These expenses are excluded from segment results as they are not reviewed by the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) as part of segment performance.
Three Months Ended September 30, 2022 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
Our total GAAP revenue increased by 17.4% to US$3.2 billion in the third quarter of 2022 from US$2.7 billion in the third quarter of 2021.
- Digital Entertainment: GAAP revenue was US$892.9 million, as compared to US$1.1 billion in the third quarter of 2021, primarily attributable to the softening of bookings due to the ongoing moderation in user engagement and monetization.
- E-commerce and other services: GAAP revenue increased by 50.9% to US$2.0 billion in the third quarter of 2022 from US$1.3 billion in the third quarter of 2021, primarily driven by the increased monetization in our e-commerce business and the growth of our credit business.
- Sales of goods: GAAP revenue increased by 2.4% to US$286.3 million in the third quarter of 2022 from US$279.6 million in the third quarter of 2021.
Cost of Revenue
Our total cost of revenue increased by 14.8% to US$1.9 billion in the third quarter of 2022 from US$1.7 billion in the third quarter of 2021.
- Digital Entertainment: Cost of revenue decreased by 15.8% to US$264.8 million in the third quarter of 2022 from US$314.4 million in the third quarter of 2021, which was largely in line with the decrease in digital entertainment revenue.
- E-commerce and other services: Cost of revenue for e-commerce and other services segment combined increased by 27.9% to US$1.4 billion in the third quarter of 2022 from US$1.1 billion in the third quarter of 2021, primarily driven by higher costs of logistics from order growth and other costs related to the growth of e-commerce marketplace. Improvement in gross profit margins was mainly due to the growth of core marketplace revenue with higher gross profit margin.
- Cost of goods sold: Cost of goods sold decreased by 3.4% to US$257.7 million in the third quarter of 2022 from US$266.6 million in the third quarter of 2021.
Other Operating Income
Other operating income was US$66.0 million and US$68.6 million in the third quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively. Other operating income mainly consists of rebates from e-commerce related logistics services providers.
Sales and Marketing Expenses
Total sales and marketing expenses decreased by 19.1% to US$816.7 million in the third quarter of 2022 from US$1.0 billion in the third quarter of 2021. The table below sets forth breakdown of the sales and marketing expenses of our major reporting segments. Amounts are expressed in thousands of US dollars (“$”).
For the Three Months
Sales and Marketing Expenses
Digital Financial Services
The decrease in sales and marketing expenses across all major reporting segments were mainly attributable to our efforts to continue to reduce operating costs and achieve higher cost efficiencies.
General and Administrative Expenses
Our general and administrative expenses increased by 87.1% to US$551.7 million in the third quarter of 2022 from US$294.8 million in the third quarter of 2021. This increase was primarily due to the increase in credit loss expense related to loans receivable, in addition to higher staff cost, including share-based compensation, and higher office facilities and related expenses to support our business growth. Credit loss expenses on loans receivable increased to US$136.4 million in the third quarter of 2022 from US$33.2 million in the third quarter of 2021, primarily driven by the growth in our loan book.
Research and Development Expenses
Research and development expenses increased by 81.9% to US$421.0 million in the third quarter of 2022 from US$231.4 million in the third quarter of 2021, primarily attributable to higher staff cost from the increase in headcount as we invested in our technological capabilities and expanded our service offerings.
Non-operating Income or Losses, Net
Non-operating income or losses mainly consist of interest income, interest expense, investment gain (loss) and foreign exchange gain (loss). We recorded a net non-operating loss of US$9.2 million in the third quarter of 2022, compared to a net non-operating loss of US$12.8 million in the third quarter of 2021.
Income Tax Expense
We had a net income tax expense of US$65.3 million and US$101.0 million in the third quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively.
As a result of the foregoing, we had net losses of US$569.3 million and US$571.0 million in the third quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Net Loss Excluding Share-based Compensation
Net loss excluding share-based compensation, was US$373.5 million and US$448.0 million in the third quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Basic and Diluted Loss Per Share Based on Net Loss Excluding Share-based Compensation Attributable to Sea Limited’s Ordinary Shareholders
Basic and diluted loss per share based on net loss excluding share-based compensation, was US$0.66 and US$0.84 in the third quarter of 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Webcast and Conference Call Information
The Company’s management will host a conference call today to review Sea’s business and financial performance.
Details of the conference call and webcast are as follows:
Date and time:
7:30 AM U.S. Eastern Time on November 15, 2022
Dial in numbers:
US Toll Free: 1-888-317-6003
Hong Kong: 800-963-976
United Kingdom: 08-082-389-063
Passcode for Participants:
A replay of the conference call will be available at the Company’s investor relations website (www.sea.com/investor/home). An archived webcast will be available at the same link above.
About Sea Limited
Sea Limited (NYSE: SE) is a leading global consumer internet company founded in Singapore in 2009. Its mission is to better the lives of consumers and small businesses with technology. Sea operates three core businesses across digital entertainment, e-commerce, as well as digital payments and financial services, known as Garena, Shopee and SeaMoney, respectively. Garena is a leading global online games developer and publisher. Shopee is the largest pan-regional e-commerce platform in Southeast Asia and Taiwan. SeaMoney is a leading digital payments and financial services provider in Southeast Asia.
This announcement contains forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “may,” “could,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “aim,” “future,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “estimate,” “likely to,” “potential,” “confident,” “guidance,” and similar statements. Among other things, statements that are not historical facts, including statements about Sea’s beliefs and expectations, the business, financial and market outlook, and projections from its management in this announcement, as well as Sea’s strategic and operational plans, contain forward-looking statements. Sea may also make written or oral forward-looking statements in its periodic reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), in its annual report to shareholders, in press releases, and other written materials, and in oral statements made by its officers, directors, or employees to third parties. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement, including but not limited to the following: Sea’s goals and strategies; its future business development, financial condition, financial results, and results of operations; the expected growth in, and market size of, the digital entertainment, e-commerce and digital financial services industries in the markets where it operates, including segments within those industries; expected changes or guidance in its revenue, costs or expenditures; its ability to continue to source, develop and offer new and attractive online games and to offer other engaging digital entertainment content; the expected growth of its digital entertainment, e-commerce and digital financial services businesses; its expectations regarding growth in its user base, level of engagement, and monetization; its ability to continue to develop new technologies and/or upgrade its existing technologies; its expectations regarding the use of proceeds from its financing activities, including its follow-on equity offerings and convertible notes offerings; growth and trends of its markets and competition in its industries; government policies and regulations relating to its industries, including the effects of any government orders or actions on its businesses; general economic, political, social and business conditions in its markets; and the impact of widespread health developments, including the COVID-19 pandemic, and the responses thereto (such as voluntary and in some cases, mandatory quarantines as well as shut downs and other restrictions on travel and commercial, social and other activities, and the availability of effective vaccines or treatments) and the impact of economies reopening further to the COVID-19 pandemic. Further information regarding these and other risks is included in Sea’s filings with the SEC. All information provided in this press release and in the attachments is as of the date of this press release, and Sea undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement, except as required under applicable law.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
To supplement our consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP, we use the following non-GAAP financial measures to help evaluate our operating performance:
- “Net loss excluding share-based compensation” represents net loss before share-based compensation. This financial measure helps to identify underlying trends in our business that could otherwise be distorted by the effect of certain expenses that are included in net loss. The use of this measure has its limitations in that it does not include all items that impact the net loss or income for the period, and share-based compensation is a significant expense.
- “Net loss excluding share-based compensation attributable to Sea Limited’s ordinary shareholders” represents net loss attributable to Sea Limited’s ordinary shareholders before share-based compensation. This financial measure helps to identify underlying trends in our business that could otherwise be distorted by the effect of certain expenses that are included in net loss. The use of this measure has its limitations in that it does not include all items that impact the net loss or income for the period, and share-based compensation is a significant expense.
- “Basic and diluted loss per share based on net loss excluding share-based compensation attributable to Sea Limited’s ordinary shareholders” represents net loss excluding share-based compensation attributable to Sea Limited’s ordinary shareholders divided by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period.
- “Adjusted EBITDA” for our digital entertainment segment represents operating income (loss) before share-based compensation plus (a) depreciation and amortization expenses, and (b) the net effect of changes in deferred revenue and its related cost for our digital entertainment segment. We believe that the segment adjusted EBITDA helps to identify underlying trends in our operating results, enhancing their understanding of the past performance and future prospects.
- “Adjusted EBITDA” for our e-commerce segment, digital financial services segment and other services segment represents operating income (loss) before share-based compensation plus depreciation and amortization expenses. We believe that the segment adjusted EBITDA helps to identify underlying trends in our operating results, enhancing their understanding of the past performance and future prospects.
- “Total adjusted EBITDA” represents the sum of adjusted EBITDA of all our segments combined, plus unallocated expenses. We believe that the total adjusted EBITDA helps to identify underlying trends in our operating results, enhancing their understanding of the past performance and future prospects.
These non-GAAP financial measures have limitations as analytical tools. None of the above financial measures should be considered in isolation or construed as an alternative to revenue, net loss/income, or any other measure of performance or as an indicator of our operating performance.